There is a newer version of this record available.

Journal article Open Access

The Philosophy of Apel and the Problem of Thinking without Language

Crelier, Andrés

The article examines the claim that meaningful thinking depends on language in relation to the philosophy of Karl-Otto Apel. Firstly, it interprets Apel´s position on this issue and puts forward the thesis of a «real dependance», according to which meaningful thinking depends on the existence of a natural language. Secondly, a variety of counterexamples to the latter thesis are being examined. Thirdly, the paper analyses the idea of a «virtual dependency», according to which meaningful thinking depends on its being expressible by a natural language. The fourth and last section sets limits to the latter claim but applies it to the presuppositions of argumentation. 

Files (489.3 kB)
Name Size
489.3 kB Download
  • Apel, Karl-Otto (1985 (1972-73)). La transformación de la filosofía. Madrid: Taurus.

  • Apel, Karl-Otto (1988). «Falibilismo, teoría consensual de la verdad y fundamentación última». En: Teoría de la verdad y ética del discurso. Barcelona: Paidós.

  • Apel, Karl-Otto (1997). El camino del pensamiento de Charles S. Peirce. Madrid: Visor.

  • Apel, Karl-Otto (1998). Auseinandersetzungen in Erprobung des transzendentalpragmatisches Ansatzes. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

  • Apel, Karl-Otto (2009). Semiótica filosófica. Buenos Aires, Almagesto.

  • Apel, Karl-Otto (2011). Paradigmen der Ersten Philosophie. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. (Hay versión en español: Paradigmas de filosofía primera. Buenos Aires: Prometeo, 2013, traducción de Andrés Crelier y Miguel Mailluquet).

  • Bermúdez, J. L. (2003). Thinking Without Words. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

  • Boesch, C. & Boesch, H. (1990). Tool use and tool making in wild chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica, 54, pp. 86-99.

  • Byrne, R. W., Sanz, C. M., & Morgan, D. B. (2013). Chimpanzees plan their tool use. In: C. M. Sanz, J. Call, & C. Boesch (Eds.). Tool Use in Animals: Cognition and Ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Cook, R., M. Brown, and D. Riley (1983). Flexible memory processing by rats: use of prospective and retrospective information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 11, pp. 453–469.

  • Crelier, Andrés (2010). De los argumentos trascendentales a la hermenéutica trascendental. La Plata: Editorial de la Universidad de La Plata (Edulp)

  • Crelier, Andrés (2012). «La ética discursiva y el problema del conocimiento pre-lingüístico». Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía de Santa Fe. Editorial A. R. Fil,. Nº 24, pp. 22-33.

  • Crelier, Andrés (2013). Introducción a la filosofía hermenéutica del lenguaje. Buenos Aires: Biblos.

  • Crelier, Andrés (2014). Pensar sin lenguaje: el giro lingüístico frente al desafío de la etología cognitiva. Erasmus XVI (2014 - 1), pp. 47-65.

  • Davidson, D. (2001 (1982)). «Rational Animals». In: Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 95-105.

  • Clayton, N. and A. Dickinson (1998). «Episodic-Like Memory during Cache Recovery by Scrub Jays». Nature 395, pp. 272–4.

  • Gadamer, H.-G. (1999). Verdad y método. Salamanca: Sígueme.

  • Gauker, Christopher (2011). Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of Ideas. Oxford University Press.

  • Glock, H. J. (1999). «Animal minds: Conceptual problems». Evolution and Cognition, 5(2), pp. 174-188.

  • Rescorla, M. (2018). «Maps in the head?» In: Beck & Andrews, The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 34-45.

  • Sanz, C. M., Call, J., & Morgan, D. (2009). «Design complexity in termite-fishing tools of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)». Biology Letters, 5(3), pp. 293–296.

  • Searle, John (1994 (1969)). Actos de habla. Barcelona: Planeta-Agostini.

All versions This version
Views 48537
Downloads 16521
Data volume 80.8 MB10.3 MB
Unique views 34332
Unique downloads 16220


Cite as