Journal article Open Access
Ali Jibran; Massucco Stefano; Silvestro Federico
Reactive power provision is a vital ancillary service, which provides opportunities to service market and power generators. The net reactive power in a balanced power grid needs to be zero, and the imbalance occurs due to the capacitive and inductive behavior of the extensive transmission lines, and because of the intermittent behavior of load-demand. This mismanagement in reactive power causes voltage instability, and hence the paper compares the most common reactive power compensation techniques, which are prevalent in both literature and commercial levels. The paper perceives the trade-off between the compared techniques, and realizes to use the aggregation of different techniques to present a coordinated control mechanism that complies with the Italian regulations. The parameters for the proposed aggregation include the amount of reactive power, real power losses during reactive power provision, and response time. The paper then implements IEEE 9 bus transmission-generation system in DIgSILENT to set up the platform for validation of the proposed strategy. Finally, it simulates Transmission System Operator (TSO) test cases on the implemented test system.