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Dataset Open Access

Conflicting objectives of energy development and water security in Africa

Pappis, Ioannis; Sridharan, Vignesh; Howells, Mark; Medarac, Hrvoje; Kougias, Ioannis; Sánchez, G. Rocío; Shivakumar, Abhishek; Usher, Will

This dataset underpins the study "Conflicting objectives of energy development and water security in Africa".

The study provides insights into energy supply and demand, power generation, investments and total system costs, water consumption and withdrawal as well as carbon dioxide emissions for the African continent.

We developed a model to evaluate energy supply and water requirements to cover the energy needs of the African continent during the period 2015-2065. The model was developed using the open-source modeling system for long-term energy planning OSeMOSYS. The objective function is to minimise total energy system costs, rather than, for example, co-optimise the energy and water sectors. Other energy resources were also included in the model except for adding the water analysis, and the dataset was updated based on the latest available information. The OSeMOSYS model developed to conduct the study “Energy projections for African countries”, itself extended from the Electricity Model Base for Africa (TEMBA),  was further extended, included exports for all fuels and water loss due to evaporation in hydropower plants. Furthermore, the latest available data on the energy system of Africa was also updated.  

The TEMBA model produces aggregate energy, and detailed power system results in each country in the African continent. The power sector results are also reported with power pool aggregation.

The OSeMOSYS model and input data used to produce these results can be found at

The initial study was funded by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (contract number C936531 - JRC/PTT/2018/C.7/0038/NC).


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