Working paper Open Access
Madurese, an Austronesian language of Indonesia, shows a systematic interaction of consonant phonation and vowel height. In this paper, we explore this interaction through an acoustic study of the consonants, vowels, and syllable structure of Madurese.
A large effect of the consonant-vowel interaction is observed in terms of FI, where vowels following both the voiced and aspirated stops show systematically lower Fl values than those following voiceless stops and nasals.
Systematic differences in FO are also observed, with voiced and aspirated stops having a lowering effect on FO and voiceless stops and nasals having a raising effect.