Journal article Open Access

Factors for the Optimum Functioning of the Individual in a Military Environment

Maiyana Mitevska; Georgi Petkov

When functioning in any environment, the individual falls under the impact of a lot of factors. Some of them are consciously perceived and by manipulating them, it is possible to optimize the results of human behavior. Another part of the factors remain hidden even to the doer themselves. Albeit hidden, some of them are active participants in the regulatory aspects of behavior while others are latent and are activated only under specific circumstances. The research has been carried out on a limited number of representatives of the command corps with certain command positions, which in itself is an objective criterion for the optimal functioning in a complex and riddled with controversial and sometimes mutually exclusive requirements towards the individual and to their physical and mental stamina, and sometimes even to their inherent programs for self-defense and the need for safety. The methodology that has been used is a multimeasure personality questionnaire adapted to the Bulgarian conditions by Velichkov, Radoslavova and Petkov. Data have been processed with SPSS-21. The analysis outcomes present a limited in its scope study aiming to reveal the role of certain personality traits and emotional states, the constellation of which is capable of optimizing individual behavior. Conclusions lead to the belief that the discovery of the optimal combination of traits and emotional states capable of improving the function of the individual in extreme conditions is the way of finding a working model for the selection of suitable for the realization of specific tasks individuals but also for the planning and implementation of programs for deficit compensation when training personnel who are to carry out such activities.

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