Journal article Open Access

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in people with low risk of osteoporosis

Pajor, Kacper; Szpyt, Justyna; Lubkowska, Anna

Pajor Kacper, Szpyt Justyna, Lubkowska Anna. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in people with low risk of osteoporosis. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2019;9(9):1162-1174. eISNN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3464905

http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/7555

 

 

 

 

 

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

© The Authors 2019;

This article is published with open access at Licensee Open Journal Systems of Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author (s) and source are credited. This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non commercial license Share alike.

(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

 

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

 

Received: 10.09.2019. Revised: 30.09.2019. Accepted: 30.09.2019.

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in people with low risk of osteoporosis

 

Kacper Pajor1, Justyna Szpyt1, Anna Lubkowska2

 

1 Student Research at the Chair and Department of Functional Diagnostics and Physical Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University

2 Chair and Department of Functional Diagnostics and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Żołnierska 54 Str., 71-210 Szczecin, Poland, e-mail: anna.lubkowska@pum.edu.pl

 

Corresponding Autor:

Prof. dr hab. Anna Lubkowska; Chair and Department of Functional Diagnostics and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Żołnierska 54 Str., 71-210 Szczecin, Poland, e-mail: anna.lubkowska@pum.edu.pl

 

Abstract

Introduction. With the increasing number of reports of vitamin D3 deficiency, public awareness of this vitamin is increasing. Therefore, more and more people are choosing to supplement it. One of the main results expected is increase of bone strength. Vitamin D3 intake and its effect on bone mineral density are well studied in groups at increased risk for osteoporosis, but there is insufficient data on the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on bone mineral density in people at low risk of osteoporosis.

Aim of study. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on bone mineral density in people with low risk of developing osteoporosis.

Material and methods. The study involved 76 people (39 women and 37 men) aged 20-43. To examine bone composition and mineral density dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method has been used (Hologic Inc., USA). Respondents received also surveys regarding the presence of osteoporosis risk factors and vitamin D3 supplementation.

Results. In the study group, 46.1% regularly supplements vitamin D3, of which 40% are women and 60% are men. There were no statistically significant differences (p = 0.1753) between bone mineral density values in people regularly supplementing vitamin D3 compared to people not taking vitamin D3.

Conclusions.

Vitamin D3 supplementation may not have a significant effect on bone mineral density in people who have a low risk of osteoporosis. Vitamin D3 supplementation is one of the most common supplements also among people with low risk of osteoporosis.

 

 

Key words: Osteoporosis; Vitamin D; Bone Mineral Density

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