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Logarithmic Space Verifiers on NP-complete

Frank Vega

P versus NP is considered as one of the most important open problems in computer science. This consists in knowing the answer of the following question: Is P equal to NP? A precise statement of the P versus NP problem was introduced independently by Stephen Cook and Leonid Levin. Since that date, all efforts to find a proof for this problem have failed. NP is the complexity class of languages defined by polynomial time verifiers M such that when the input is an element of the language with its certificate, then M outputs a string which belongs to a single language in P. Another major complexity classes are L and NL. The certificate-based definition of NL is based on logarithmic space Turing machine with an additional special read-once input tape: This is called a logarithmic space verifier. NL is the complexity class of languages defined by logarithmic space verifiers M such that when the input is an element of the language with its certificate, then M outputs 1. To attack the P versus NP problem, the NP-completeness is a useful concept. We demonstrate there is an NP-complete language defined by a logarithmic space verifier M such that when the input is an element of the language with its certificate, then M outputs a string which belongs to a single language in L.

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