Working paper Open Access

Thomas More, could the utopia of some become the dystopia of others?

Liebart, Déborah

This week after listening to speeches at the Brussels Economic Forum, I decided to write about utopia. In Belgium, on June 18, 2019, the question was how to build a more inclusive society through new technologies to make the world fairer and to reduce poverty … If you have seen my previous writings and my research topics, you already know that I have a certain "tenderness", critical sometimes, for utopian attempts throughout history.

The issues discussed during the BEF make me want to talk to you about Thomas More and his sometimes satirical, sometimes touching remarks, of the England of his time : criticism of land appropriation by the nobility and the clergy, rising taxes, civil wars, crumbling agriculture in favor of the raising of wool beasts for which capitalists monopolize the land, development of begging, vagrancy, food shortages… Problems that power resolves through jail sentences and / or executionner...

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