Journal article Open Access

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY EFFECTS IN OLDER PEOPLE AT RISK WITH FRAGILITY SYNDROME.

Ana Rosa Can Valle; Fatima del Rosario Ek Chan; Marin Alberto Sosa Zumarraga; Jaqueline Guadalupe Guerrero Ceh; Julio Antonio Gutierrez Gonzalez; Charlotte Monserrat Llanes Chiquini.

The great challenge of public health referred to this age group is to promote the maintenance of functionality, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO, 1999), in the document \\\"Aspects of public health in the older people and in the population, \\\"the best way to measure health in the old age is in terms of function. That is why promoting physical activity, physical exercise and preventing sedentary lifestyle are key to maintaining health in the older people, as a fundamental component of a healthy lifestyle. Rodr?guez (2011) defines frailty as \\\"a clinical syndrome related to aging and characterized by unstable homeostasis and the consequent low physiological reserves in various organs and systems that increase the risk of decreased or loss of functionality.\\\" Objective: To determine the effects of physical activity in elderly people at risk of Fragile Syndrome. Method: The research has a correlational design with quantitative approach, type of quasi-experimental study subjects. 10 adult people who presented the Risk of Fragility Syndrome. Instrument. Baber Questionnaire, Lawton and Brody Scale, Questionnaire for Quick Detection of Impediments to Exercise and the Health Questionnaire: Results: During the month of March, April and May the program of physical activity was carried out with the elderly people who obtained the result with Risk of Fragility Syndrome. The following results are presented during the first (before the physical activity program) and the second evaluation (after the physical activity program). Conclusions: of the 10 persons that fulfilled the inclusion requirements for the realization of the Physical Activity. Where the majority were people of feminine sex, has being related to the population data of our country that evidences the greater life expectancy is in the feminine sex. In this research, the syndrome of frailty is related to the pluripathology that presents the elderly. Physical activity provides many benefits to our body as preventing or delaying dysfunctional diseases such as dependence and Fragility Syndrome, improves our physical, mental and intellectual capacity.

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