Conference paper Open Access

Online Resource Management in Energy Harvesting BS Sites through Prediction and Soft-Scaling of Computing Resources

Thembelihle Dlamini; Angel Fernandez Gambin; Daniele Munaretto; Michele Rossi

Multi-Access Edge Computing (MEC) is a paradigm for handling delay sensitive services that require ultra-low latency at the access network. With it, computing and communications are performed within one Base Station (BS) site, where the computation resources are in the form of Virtual Machines (VMs) (computer emulators) in the MEC server. MEC and Energy Harvesting (EH) BSs, i.e., BSs equipped with EH equipments, are foreseen as a key towards next generation mobile networks. In fact, EH systems are expected to decrease the energy drained from the electricity grid and facilitate the deployment of BSs in remote places, extending network coverage and making energy self-sufficiency possible in remote/rural sites. In this paper, we propose an online optimization algorithm called ENergy Aware and Adaptive Management (ENAAM), for managing remote BS sites through foresighted control policies exploiting (short-term) traffic load and harvested energy forecasts. Our numerical results reveal that ENAAM achieves energy savings with respect to the case where no energy management is applied, ranging from 56% to 66% through the scaling of computing resources, and keeps the server utilization factor between 30% and 96% over time (with an average of 75%). Notable benefits are also found against heuristic energy management techniques.

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