Journal article Open Access

A STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN IN DEPARTMENT OF ONCOLOGY OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN INDIA

A. Spandana1, K.L.K. Sneha1, Dr. Balaiah Sandyapakula1, Dr. Vinay Kumar.T1, Dr.Charan Tej. K2, Dr.S.A.Rahaman1

Background A drug utilization study is intended to describe-quantitatively and qualitatively-the population of users of a given drug and/or the conditions of used in Oncology department, it is a branch of medicine. That deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Cancer is not a single disease; rather, it is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. The main aim of the study to improving patient’s knowledge on all aspects will boost up the present health care. The objectives of the study to Analyze patterns of drug use among cancer patients. Methodology It is a hospital based prospective observational study. Results Total no. of prescription was 100, in that age group of cancer patients. Alkylating agents (46) are most common prescribed drugs, breast cancer (14%) have high prevalence index, gastro intestinal tract system have high no of carcinoma cases (21%). The most frequently prescribed anticancer drugs were observed to be Alkylating agents 46(31.5%). Among a total of 272adjuvant drugs Dexamethasone (17.72%) and Ondansetron (16.87%) were observed to be majorly prescribed Adjuvant drugs. Major formulations of anti cancer drugs are parenteral (92.46%).applying of WHO drug use indicators for these Study. Conclusion According to WHO drug utilization studies are required for rational use of drug in every clinical practice. The study provides an overview about utilization of anticancer drugs among the patients in hospital and could serve as a basis for further research towards the rational clinical practice, preventive care for cancer and improving patient’s knowledge on anticancer drugs on all aspects will boost up the present health care in this settings.

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