Conference paper Open Access

Big data for low-carbon transport: an overview of applications for designing the future of road and air transport

Michele De Gennaro; Alessandro Zanon; Helmut Kuehnelt; Marco Pretto; Pietro Giannattasio

Big data is one of the most promising research trends of this decade, and navigation data allows for unprecedented opportunities for designing future low-carbon transportation infrastructures. This paper presents two applications based on navigation data in the fields of road and air transport. The first application shows how driving patterns from conventional fuel vehicles can be used for developing real-world scenario analyses for deploying hybrid and electric vehicles, quantifying their energy demand on the electric grid and the infrastructure needed to serve it. Moreover, results of the real-world driving and non-driving emissions from conventional vehicles are also presented, adopting as example the Italian province of Firenze. The second application shows how flight pattern data can be combined with noise emission models to quantify the real-world noise impact of civil air operation. The computed sound levels allow for drawing real-world noise maps and three airports have been chosen as examples: a small aerodrome (Trieste), and two intercontinental hubs (Vienna Schwechat and London Heathrow).

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