Journal article Open Access

Altered NMDA Glutamate Receptor Antagonist Response in Individuals With a Family Vulnerability to Alcoholism

Trevisan, Louis; Limoncelli, Diana; Gueorguieva, Ralitza; Frances, R. J.; Jatlow, Peter; Petrakis, Ismene L.; Boutros, Nashaat N.; Gelernter, Joel; Krystal, John H.

OBJECTIVE: A family history of alcoholism is a risk factor for the development of ethanol dependence. Ethanol is an antagonist of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor, and alterations in NMDA receptor function are thought to be involved in ethanol abuse and dependence. The purpose of this study was to determine in healthy individuals with no ethanol dependence whether response to the NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine would differentiate those with a family history of ethanol dependence from those without such a family history. METHOD: Healthy subjects between the ages of 21 and 30 received 40-minute intravenous infusions of saline, low-dose ketamine (0.1 mg/kg), and high-dose ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) on three separate test days in a randomized order under double-blind conditions. The healthy individuals with at least one first-degree relative and another first- or second-degree relative with ethanol dependence (N=16) were compared with those who had no family history of ethanol dependence in any first- or second-degree relative (N=29). Outcome measures included the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale, verbal fluency, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test, a biphasic alcohol effects scale, visual analog scales of mood states, and ketamine levels. RESULTS: During ketamine infusion, individuals with a family history of ethanol dependence showed an attenuated response in terms of perceptual alterations and dysphoric mood relative to those without such a family history. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that alterations in NMDA receptor function may contribute to subjective response to ethanol and therefore also to the risk of developing alcoholism.

Files (163.3 kB)
Name Size
article.pdf
md5:90f6523cac473ed8c463b4b0f10572c1
163.3 kB Download
76
74
views
downloads
Views 76
Downloads 74
Data volume 12.1 MB
Unique views 76
Unique downloads 70

Share

Cite as