Journal article Open Access

Crystalline Oxides on Silicon: The First Five Monolayers

McKee, R. A.; Walker, F. J.; Chisholm, M. F.

The long-standing problem of growing a commensurate crystalline oxide interface with silicon has been solved. Alkaline earth and perovskite oxides can be grown in perfect registry on the (001) face of silicon, totally avoiding the amorphous silica phase that ordinarily forms when silicon is exposed to an oxygen containing environment. The physics of the heteroepitaxy lies in establishing a sequenced transition that uniquely addresses the thermodynamics of a layer-by-layer energy minimization at the interface. A metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor using SrTiO{sub 3} as an alternative to SiOthinsp{sub 2} yields the extraordinary result of t{sub eq}{lt}10 {Angstrom} . {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

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