Journal article Open Access
Zajączkowski, Jacek; Zajączkowski, Kazimierz
Increasing environmental threats to agricultural production and the stability of ecosystems have been observed on the Polish lowlands since the 1970s. Several hundred million trees and shrubs have been planted on farmland, mostly along roads and with the involvement of public agencies, with a view to timber being produced, and soil erosion and the water deficit mitigated. On the basis of over 50 years of practical observations and scientific experiments, recommendations have been drawn up as regards the structural and spatial features of new tree planting outside forests that maximize environmental, production-related and social benefits. This paper gives a brief description of the history of the active establishment of woody vegetation across agricultural landscapes in Poland, along with best practices elaborated for this at several scientific centres.
Zajączkowski, J. & Zajączkowski, K. (2015). Trees Outside Forest In Poland. Papers on Global Change IGBP, 22(1), pp. 53-61. Retrieved 13 Apr. 2018, from doi:10.1515/igbp-2015-0015