Conference paper Open Access

Prevalence of infectious and non-infectious diseases in cattle population in Moulvibazar district of Bangladesh

Chowdhury, Q M Monzur Kader; Roy, Sawrab; Alam, Shahrul; Ahmed, Juned

Infectious and non-infectious diseases of cattle cause great economic losses of farmers as well as country every year by reducing growth, production and mortality of cattle population. The objective of this research work was to find out the prevalence of infectious and non-infectious diseases of cattle at Moulvibazar, Sylhet, Bangladesh. A total of 2285 clinical cases were diagnosed at District Veterinary Hospital in Moulvibazar, Bangladesh during January to June, 2016. Disease diagnosis was made on the basis of owner’s statement, physical examination, clinical signs, gross pathology, and laboratory procedures. Data were analysed to determine disease prevalence in cattle with related to breed and sex. Diagnosed diseases were categorised as infectious diseases, parasitic disease, digestive disorder, respiratory disorder, reproductive disorder, metabolic disorder and other diseases. According to our result the highest prevalence was shown for parasitic diseases (49.32%) followed by digestive disorder (25.64%), other diseases (10.77%), Infectious Diseases (9.28%), respiratory disorders (2.32%), reproductive disorders (1.88%) and metabolic disorders (0.79%). The prevalence of diseases in male (53.57%) which includes infectious diseases (4.90%), parasitic diseases (30.55%), digestive disorders (12.30%),respiratory disorders (0.79%) and others (5.03%). Local bred of cattle were more susceptible to diseases as prevalence was 57.46% followed by Cross-bred (36.58%) and Red Chittagong (5.96%). The prevalence of diseases in male (53.57%) was higher than in female (46.43%). Our study on prevalence of infectious and non-infectious diseases of cattle in Moulvibazar district of Bangladesh provides necessary information to take proper strategies for control and prevention of diseases.

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