Wavelet based flickering flame detector using differential PIR sensors
In this paper, a flame detection system using a differential
Pyro-electric Infrared (PIR) sensor is proposed. A differential PIR sensor is only sensitive to sudden temperature variations within its viewing range and it produces a time-varying signal. The wavelet transform of the differential PIR sensor signal is used for feature extraction and feature vectors are fed to Markov models trained with uncontrolled fire flames and walking person. The model yielding the highest probability is chosen. Results suggest that the system can be used in spacious rooms for uncontrolled fire flame detection.