Journal article Open Access
Levco, Simion; Scerbatiuc, Dumitru
Background: Although the symptoms of oral phlegmon have been described before Hippocrates and Galen, there have been discrepancies in the diagnosis and treatment plan appreciation in patients with phlegmon of the mouth floor until now. Ludwig's angina accounts for less than 1% of all pathologies of maxillofacial surgery. In the pre-antibiotic era, 50% of patients died. At the moment, the mortality rate is below 10%. If the pathology is not treated, patients die in 100% of cases.
Data sources: This study was conducted on specialty literature analysis. We analyzed 45 books and 8 articles. The aim of the study is to compare different sources in which the phlegmon of the oral floor is described.
Discussion: The phlegmon of the mouth floor can involve only the unilateral spaces of the mouth floor, and the diffuse phlegmon of the mouth floor, also called Ludwig’s angina, compulsory involves bilateral spaces of the mouth floor. Two bilateral incisions in the submandibular regions and one in the submental region is the most practiced surgical treatment. The infection is poly microbial, with a mixed flora: aerobic alpha and beta hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci and gram-negative bacilli, anaerobic bacteroides and peptostreptococcus. Usually, the flora is from the oral cavity and pharynx.
Conclusions: Patient intubation is the method of choice when it is possible. Aggressive antibiotic treatment needs to be taken as early as possible. Surgical treatment is required to be performed as early as possible. The number of incisions and their location are chosen depending on the situation.