Journal article Open Access

Factors Influencing Students' Self-Concept among Malaysian Students

Z. Ishak; S. Jamaluddin; F.P Chew

This paper examines the students’ self-concept among 16- and 17- year- old adolescents in Malaysian secondary schools. Previous studies have shown that positive self-concept played an important role in student adjustment and academic performance during schooling. This study attempts to investigate the factors influencing students’ perceptions toward their own self-concept. A total of 1168 students participated in the survey. This study utilized the CoPs (UM) instrument to measure self-concept. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) revealed three factors: academic selfconcept, physical self-concept and social self-concept. This study confirmed that students perceived certain internal context factors, and revealed that external context factor also have an impact on their self-concept.

Files (212.4 kB)
Name Size
212.4 kB Download
  • B. Lihanna and Z. Ishak, A statistical snapshot of the 18 years old Malaysian adolescent", Malaysia: Institut Social Malaysia, 2007, pp 65- 69.

  • B. Lihanna, "Self Image of Malaysian adolescents" in 1998 Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Microform 9910845, University of Chicago pp 130-131

  • C. Rogers, Client-centered therapy, New York: Houghton miffin,1951, pp 498-500.

  • H. W. Marsh, B.M. Byrne, and A.s. Yeung, "Causal ordering of academic self-concept and achievement: reanalysis of a pioneering study and revised recommendations." Educational Psychologist, vol.34, pp 154-157 1999.

  • J.F. Hair, W .C. Black, B. J. Babin R. E. Anderson R. l. Ttham, Multivariate data analysis, 6th ed. 2006, ch.4 [10] J.C. Nunally and I.H. Berstain, Psychometric Theory, 3rd. ed. 1994 ch.3 [11] H. Jamaludin, H. Ahmad,Y. Rosdi, and K. A. Saifuddin, "The reliability and validity of Tennessee self-Concept Scale instrument on residents of drug rehabilitation center," European Journal of Social Science, Vol.10, No.3, 2009. pp349-363

  • J.F. Hair, W. C. Black, B.J. Babin R. E. Anderson R. l. Tatham, Multivariate data analysis, 6th ed. 2006, ch3

  • J.F. Hair, W.C. Black, B. J. Babin R. E. Anderson R. l. Tatham, Multivariate data analysis, 6th ed. 2006, ch1.

  • M.Kalliopuska, "Self-esteem and empaty as related to participation in the arts or sports activities," The self-concept: European perspectives on its development, aspect, and applications." Berlin, pp 121-132, 1990

  • R.H. Miyatomo, E.A .Nishinuma, S.T. Nahulu, L.B. Andrade and D.A. Goebert, "Variation in self-esteem among adolescents in an Asian/Pacific-Islander sample," Personality and Individual differences, vol. 29, pp 13-25, 2000.

All versions This version
Views 2323
Downloads 77
Data volume 1.5 MB1.5 MB
Unique views 2222
Unique downloads 77


Cite as