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Toward a Learning Health-care System – Knowledge Delivery at the Point of Care Empowered by Big Data and NLP

Mehrabi, Saeed; Pankratz, Joshua; Sohn, Sunghwan; Wang, Yanshan; Mojarad Rastegar, Majid; Murphy, Sean; Ross, Jason; Kaggal, Vinod; Liu, Hongfang; Komandur Elayavilli, Ravikumar; Li, Dingcheng; Chaudhry, Rajeev; Buntrock, James

The concept of optimizing health care by understanding and generating knowledge from previous evidence, ie, the Learning Health-care System (LHS), has gained momentum and now has national prominence. Meanwhile, the rapid adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) enables the data collection required to form the basis for facilitating LHS. A prerequisite for using EHR data within the LHS is an infrastructure that enables access to EHR data longitudinally for health-care analytics and real time for knowledge delivery. Additionally, significant clinical information is embedded in the free text, making natural language processing (NLP) an essential component in implementing an LHS. Herein, we share our institutional implementation of a big data-empowered clinical NLP infrastructure, which not only enables health-care analytics but also has real-time NLP processing capability. The infrastructure has been utilized for multiple institutional projects including the MayoExpertAdvisor, an individualized care recommendation solution for clinical care. We compared the advantages of big data over two other environments. Big data infrastructure significantly outperformed other infrastructure in terms of computing speed, demonstrating its value in making the LHS a possibility in the near future.

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