Journal article Open Access
Solovyeva A. S.
The article is dedicated to the Cylonian affair. This event was the precondition of the first laws of Athens. There were many serious contradictions in Athens and the adoption of laws was necessary. The author of the article concludes that the Cylonian affair was the peak of social conflicts in Athens. New laws were the only way to resolve the dispute between noble families. The Cylonian affair is considered as the failed attempt to take power. After this accident the first legislation was established. The first legislator, Draco, distinguish between murder and involuntary homicide. This law help to resolve conflicts in Athenian society.