Journal article Open Access
Dr Waseem Memon, Dr Gulfareen Haider, Dr Irfan Kadri, Dr Imran Idrees Memon
Objective of this study is to evaluate the surgical site infection (SSI) after blood transfusion. This observational study was performed at Isra University Hospital, Al Tibri medical college, over a time of 0ne year from January 2014 to February 2015. Total 195 cases were incorporated in the study who had elective surgeries and no co morbidities. Written informed consent has been taken from cases. Patients below 16 years and above 50 years, who presented with infection, sepsis, pneumonia, dirty wound, co morbidities (smoking, diabetes, immunosuppressive therapy, age), emergency surgeries and UTI before surgery were excluded from the study. Cases were distributed into 2 groups. Group 1, who received blood transfusion and group 2, who had not received. Mean age in this study was 35.35+10.11 years, and female were found in the majority as compare to males with percentage of 32.3% and 67.7% respectively. No significant difference was found between both genders P-value 0.54. Transfusion of blood was done in the 72 cases, and out of them infection was found in 14.9% cases; while 123 cases were without transfusion of blood and out of them infection was found in 7.19% of the cases with significant difference P value 0.03. There was strong relation of transfusion of blood with infection because in this series, infection was most commonly seen in those patients who received multiple transfusions before and during surgery. P value 0.001. Our findings show that Wound Infection is highly associated with transfusion of blood.