Published June 10, 2023 | Version Published Manuscript
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A Novel Process for H&E, Immunofluorescence, and Imaging Mass Cytometry on a Single Slide with a Concise Analytics Pipeline

  • 1. Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
  • 2. University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center


Imaging Mass Cytometry (IMC) is a powerful spatial technology that utilizes Cytometry Time of Flight (CyTOF) to acquire multiplexed image datasets with up to 40 markers, via metal-tagged antibodies. Recent advances in IMC have led to the inclusion of RNAScope probes and multiple new analysis pipelines have led to faster analyses and better results. However, IMC still suffers from lower resolution (1um2 pixels) and relatively small regions of interest (ROIs) (<2mm2) compared to other, light-based microscope technologies. Capturing higher resolution images on serial sections causes great difficulty when attempting to align cells and structures across serial sections, especially when observing smaller cell types and structures. Therefore, we demonstrate the combination of H&E and multiplex Immunofluorescence imaging, for much higher resolution of the structural and cellular compartments found throughout the entire tissue section, with the high-dimensionality of IMC for specific ROIs on a single slide. Additionally, we demonstrate a simple and effective open-source cell segmentation and IMC analysis pipeline with previously published and freely available software.


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