Published March 15, 2023 | Version v1
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How to improve Refugee Status Determination

  • 1. University of Ghent
  • 2. University of Catania
  • 3. University of Bergen

Description

Granting international protection is a process through which asylum claims are examined against established criteria to determine whether asylum seekers genuinely need protection. Such a process lies with states’ bureaucracies and their legal systems, which are organised very differently from country to country. As such, the way Refugee Status Determination (RSD) is organised may affect the process’ outcome. As a matter of fact, there still exists large cross-country differences in terms of protection recognition, despite the application of the Geneva Convention for more than 50 years. Cross-country differences have serious implications: they question the overall ability of the international protection regime to provide protection to those in need; rejected applicants may face risks on their lives if wrongfully returned.

Beside institutional arrangements, recent developments in the European Union’s (EU) migration and asylum policy have seen the increase of agreements with third countries. These agreements de facto establish a security belt around the EU which aims to prevent migrants from entering the Union.

This policy brief critically examines RSD systems and the external dimension of the EU’s migration and asylum policy. It also provides concrete policy recommendations based on the evidence put forth in PROTECT’s research outputs. 

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Additional details

Funding

PROTECT – THE RIGHT TO INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION: A PENDULUM BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND NATIVIZATION? 870761
European Commission