Published November 28, 2022 | Version v1
Conference paper Open

Voltage Regulation Under Unbalanced Power Flow in Active Four-Wire Low Voltage Distribution Grids

  • 1. KIOS Research and Innovation Center of Excellence, University of Cyprus

Description

The increasing penetration of distributed energy resources in Low Voltage Distribution Grids (LVDGs) has a severe impact on the grid’s voltage profile. In active LVDGs the controllable assets are mainly single-phase inverters which most often they are unevenly distributed amongst the supply phases. The majority of voltage support schemes in the literature assume that the phases are decoupled and utilize the single-phase inverters in per-phase regulation methods. However, the particularities of LVDGs, namely the inductive coupling from the distribution lines and the neutral coupling from the fourth wire, can result to a strong phase coupling. Consequently, conventional voltage support schemes by single-phase inverters in active LVDGs can cause unbalanced power deviations in one phase and due to the phase coupling it can have a significant impact on the voltage of a different phase. In this paper, the phase coupling, its impact on voltage regulation, and the factors that contribute to its intensity are analysed. In addition, it is demonstrated how two traditional voltage regulation schemes become ineffective due to the phase coupling. Finally, a reactive power compensation scheme is presented that exploits the mutual voltage deviations induced by the phase couplings in order to improve the voltage regulation capabilities in LVDGs.

Notes

This work is supported by the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation Foundation (Project: INTEGRATED/0916/0035). © 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. A. Kotsonias, M. Asprou, L. Hadjidemetriou and C. Panayiotou, "Voltage Regulation Under Unbalanced Power Flow in Active Four-Wire Low Voltage Distribution Grids," 2022 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ISGT-Europe54678.2022.9960689.

Files

Voltage Regulation Under Unbalanced Power Flow in Active Four-Wire Low Voltage Distribution Grids - Zenodo.pdf

Additional details

Funding

KIOS CoE – KIOS Research and Innovation Centre of Excellence 739551
European Commission
OneNet – One Network for Europe 957739
European Commission