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Published October 26, 2022 | Version v1
Conference paper Open

The Common Impact Model: a Standarized Methodology for Community Acceptance of Decarbonized Multivector Local Energy Systems

  • 1. University of St.Gallen
  • 2. Smart Innovation Norway


Today, cities, towns, and villages can increasingly power their electricity, heating, and mobility needs using clean and local energy sources. However, the successful and long-lasting adoption of clean and local energy solutions requires acceptance from different local stakeholders and community members. Our work presents the Common Impact Model (CIM), a structured hands-on methodology to facilitate community acceptance of Decarbonized Multi-vector Local Energy Systems. The CIM is designed for urban planners, energy managers, and those interested in establishing local energy systems and local energy communities. Underpinned by academic literature on the governance and social acceptance of collective energy solutions, the CIM comprises of 3-steps. In phase one, inputs are collected from key stakeholders using a community scoping questionnaire. The community’s core values, priorities and practices are identified, as well as local stakeholders’ rational and emotional reactions to proposed energy solutions. In phase two, data are analysed to visualise the different criteria that guide inclusive energy infrastructure planning. In phase three, engagement recommendations are co-created with the local partner using a tactical workbook. The CIM has been piloted in different contexts, including a harbour in Norway, a technological park in Spain, a township in South India. Based on the field experience, we provide recommendations for participatory planning of local clean energy solutions. The CIM is part of the E-LAND toolbox, a set of tools to establish, optimise and control multi-vector local energy systems, developed by the European founded Horizon2020 project E-LAND. Video abstract available at:



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E-LAND – Integrated multi-vector management system for Energy isLANDs 824388
European Commission