Published November 30, 2021 | Version v1
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Predictive Analysis of Higher-Education Graduation and Retention in Saudi Arabia using Multinomial Logistic Regression

  • 1. College of Engineering, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 2. , College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 3. College of Education, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 1. Publisher


It is suggested that this study contributes by establishing a robust methodology for analyzing the longitudinal outcomes of higher education. The current research uses multinomial logistic regression. To the knowledge of the authors, this is the first logistic regression analysis performed at Saudi higher education institutions. The study can help decisionmakers take action to improve the academic performance of atrisk students. The analyses are based on enrollment and completion data of 5,203 undergraduate students in the colleges of engineering and medicine. The observation period was extended for ten academic years from 2010 to 2020. Four outcomes were identified for students: (i) degree completion on time, (ii) degree completion with delay, (iii) dropout, and (iv) still enrolled in programs. The objectives are twofold: (i) to study the present situation by measuring graduation and retention rates with benchmarking, and (ii) to determine the effect of twelve continuous and dummy predictors (covariates) on outcomes. The present results show that the pre-admission covariates slightly affect performance in higher education programs. The results indicate that the most important indicator of graduation is the student's achievement in the first year of the program. Finally, it is highly suggested that initiatives be taken to increase graduation and retention rates and to review the admissions policy currently in place.



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Journal article: 2394-367X (ISSN)


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