Exploring the Nu2 Lupi system with CHEOPS
Multi-transiting planetary systems around bright stars offer unique windows to comparative exoplanetology.
Nu2 Lupi (HD 136352) is a naked-eye (V=5.8) Sun-like star that was discovered to host three low-mass
planets with orbital periods of 11.6, 27.6, and 107.6 days via radial velocity monitoring with HARPS. The
two inner planets (b and c) were recently found to transit by TESS, prompting us to follow up the system
with CHEOPS. This led to the exciting discovery that the outer planet d is also transiting. With its bright
Sun-like star, long period, and mild irradiation (~5.7 times the irradiation of Earth), Nu2 Lupi d unlocks
a completely new region in the parameter space of exoplanets amenable to detailed characterization. We
measured its radius and mass to be 2.56+/-0.09 R_Earth and 8.82+/-0.94 M_Earth, respectively, and refined
the properties of all three planets: planet b likely has a rocky mostly dry composition, while planets c and d
seem to have retained small hydrogen-helium envelopes and a possibly large water fraction. This diversity
of planetary compositions makes the Nu2 Lupi system an excellent laboratory for testing formation and
evolution models of low-mass planets.
- Delrez et al. 2021, Nature Astronomy, Volume 5, p. 775-787