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Published June 15, 2019 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Understanding Communities in China and Europe: Similarities, Differences and Consequences for Socially Integrative Cities

  • 1. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P. R. China
  • 2. Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, Faculty of Humanities, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway


One large challenge we face in achieving integrative and sustainable cities in China and Europe is to understand what is making people “stick together” and care for their local communities. Only when we understand local communities better will it be possible to make improvements. In this paper we start by reviewing the way in which communities and community building have been understood in Europe and China respectively. The paper then goes on to assess the similarities and differences between China and Europe with respect to the role of communities and provides an overview of potential barriers and opportunities for achieving socially integrative cities through local community building and public engagement.


CCPR_Jun2019_17to24_Understanding Communities in China and Europe.pdf

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TRANS-URBAN-EU-CHINA – Transition towards urban sustainability through socially integrative cities in the EU and in China 770141
European Commission