Published February 26, 2021 | Version v1
Poster Open

Time-resolved spectroscopy and photometry of an M dwarf flare star YZ Canis Minoris with OISTER and TESS: Blue asymmetry in H\alpha line during the non-white light flare

  • 1. National Astronomical Observatory
  • 2. University of Colorado Boulder
  • 3. Kyoto University
  • 4. University of Hyogo
  • 5. Kobe University
  • 6. Tokyo Institute of Technology
  • 7. Hiroshima University




Flares are thought to be the rapid releases of magnetic energy through magnetic reconnection in the corona. Blue asymmetries (enhancement of the blue wing) in chromospheric lines have been widely observed during flares on M dwarfs. They are thought to be caused by the upward motions of cool plasma (e.g., chromospheric evaporations, filament/prominence eruptions). As observed on the Sun, stellar filament/prominence eruptions can evolve into stellar CMEs (coronal mass ejections).

Here we report the results from spectroscopic and photometric observations of the M-type flare star YZ CMi in the framework of the Optical and Infrared Synergetic Telescopes for Education and Research (OISTER) collaborations during the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) observation period.

We detected 145 white-light flares from the TESS light curve and 4 H\(\alpha\) flares from the OISTER observations performed between 2019-01-16 and 2019-01-18. Among them, 3 H\(\alpha\) flares were associated with white-light flares. However, one of them did not show clear brightening in continuum; during this flare, the H\(\alpha\) line exhibited blue-asymmetry which has lasted for \(\sim 60\) min. The line of sight velocity of the blue-shifted component is \(-80\)\(-100\) km s-1. By assuming that the blue-asymmetry in H\(\alpha\) line was caused by a prominence eruption on YZ CMi, we estimated the mass and kinetic energy of the upward-moving material to be \(10^{16}\)\(10^{18}\) g and \(10^{29.5}\)\(10^{31.5}\) erg, respectively.

Although, the estimated mass is comparable to expectations from the empirical relation between the flare X-ray energy and mass of upward-moving material for solar CMEs, the estimated kinetic energy for the non-white-light flare on YZ CMi is roughly 2 orders of magnitude smaller than that expected from the relation between flare X-ray energy and kinetic energy for solar CMEs. This could be understood by the difference in the velocity between CMEs and prominence eruptions.



Files (3.0 MB)

Name Size Download all
1.6 MB Preview Download
1.3 MB Preview Download

Additional details

Related works

Journal article: 2021PASJ...73...44M (Bibcode)


  • Airapetian, V. S., et al. (2020), Int. J. Astrobiology, 19, 136. doi:10.1017/S1473550419000132
  • Argiroffi C., et al. (2019), Nature Astron., 3, 742. doi:10.1038/s41550-019-0781-4
  • Gopalswamy N., et al., (2003), ApJ, 586, 562. doi:10.1086/367614
  • Honda S., et al. (2018), PASJ, 70, 62. doi:10.1093/pasj/psy055
  • Moschou S.-P., et al. (2019), ApJ, 877, 105. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab1b37
  • Shibata, K., et al. (1995), ApJ Lett., 451, L83. doi:10.1086/309688
  • Vida, K., et al. (2016), A&A, 590, A11. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527925
  • Vida, K., et al. (2019), A&A, 623, A49. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834264
  • Yamashiki, Y. A., et al. (2019), ApJ, 881, 114. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab2a71
  • Yashiro S., Gopalswamy N. (2009), in IAU Symp. 257, Universal Heliophysical Processes, ed. Gopalswamy N., Webb D. F. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 233. doi:10.1017/S1743921309029342