Published January 2, 2021 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Study on Effectiveness of Intermittent mechanical traction among the Patients with Lumbar disc herniation


The low back pain is common problem shown in lumbar disc herniation. It produces pain in the lower back or leg especially in adult person. The disc loses its own structure and herniates outside due to disc compression. The purpose of this study was to find out the Effectiveness of intermittent mechanical traction among the patients with lumbar disc herniation.  It was an experimental study design with 30 participants were included with selected Lumbar disc herniation and study was conducted in Gonoshasthaya samaj vittik medical college hospital, OPD of physiotherapy, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Non-randomize sampling technique & semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Subjects were divided into equal 2 groups. (Group-A. applied intermittent mechanical traction) and (Group-B. Applied Manual traction) The mean age of the respondents was (14 ± 8.485) and (30-49) year’s age group felt more pain and most of the respondents (83%) were male and weight were 66-70 kg. Day labour worker groups were 50% and worked daily average 5-8 hours and more of the respondent 67% carried over weight objects around 30 kg. most of the respondent 67% was no history of trauma and 43% of the respondent felt moderate types of pain and 44% of the respondents feels radiating nature of pain. More of the respondent 40% felt pain least 6 months Most of the respondent 67% felt pain during work and 83% visited doctor and 63% taken self-treatment before doctor visit. The statistical analysis of paired  t test  with14 degrees of freedom and 5% as level of significant. The pre and post test value  value for VAS scale showed in intermitten mechanical traction group   “t’’ value were 16.60   and  manual traction group “t’’ value were 3.27 and  tabulated t value were 2.145. The mean ± SD of pre and posttest value of Group A were 7.73±1.38 & 1.35±0.57 and Group B were 7.87±1.40 & 5.45 ± 2.50. Analysis of data showed that within-group comparison both groups showed significant improvement for all the parameters, whereas between-group comparison revealed higher improvement in Group A compared to the Group B. In this study the treatment of patients with signs of lumbar disc herniation the intermittent mechanical traction of lumbar spine seem more useful for the reduction of pain and improve functional activity



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