Published August 3, 2019 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Novel synthetic approach to the preparation of single-phase BixLa1−xMnO3+δ solid solutions

  • 1. Institute of Chemistry, Vilnius University, Naugarduko 24, LT-03225, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • 2. State Research Institute Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, LT-02300, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • 3. Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Okolna 2, PL-50422, Wroclaw, Poland

Description

In this study, the BixLa1−xMnO3+δ solid solutions (x from 0 to 0.65) were synthesized using sol–gel combustion method with citric acid as a fuel and complexing agent. It was shown that changes in chemical composition of the materials lead to the evolution of crystal structure, morphology, and magnetic properties. The thermal behavior of precursor gel was investigated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) measurements. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis demonstrated that all samples were monophasic. The Rietveld analysis showed that the structure can be indexed by trigonal or cubic unit cell depending on Bi3+ content. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to evaluate morphological features of the synthesized materials and revealed that Bi3+ ions significantly promote growth of the grains. The sol–gel-derived BixLa1−xMnO3+δ specimens were also characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and magnetization measurements, which showed a clear correlation between magnetic properties and crystal structure of the materials.

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