Published May 16, 2019 | Version v1
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Chain extension of caprolactone and ethylene glycol macrodiols into hydroxyl-terminated polyurethanes


Polyurethane (PU) plastics are widespread in various areas such as adhesives, coatings, synthetic leather, etc. [1]. Frequently, PU plastics are synthesized from two components: 1) macrodiols and 2) isocyanates, whose reactions form urethane linkages [2]. The macrodiol must contain two OH groups with a polyether, polyester, hydrocarbon, polycarbonate or other type of spacer chain in between. Quite often, the macrodiol is pre-reacted with diisocyanates for chain extension and only then cross-linked into the final PU plastic. Resulting properties also depend on molecular weights, degree of crystallinity and morphology of PU polymers [3] in addition to the consequences of many side reactions, such as CO2 evolution.

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TERMINUS – in-built Triggered Enzymes to Recycle Multi-layers: an INnovation for USes in plastic-packaging 814400
European Commission