Published October 25, 2018 | Version 1.0.0
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The Implementation of Cultural Rights in Iraq

  • 1. Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology, University of Reading
  • 2. Chief Legal Officer, RASHID international
  • 3. Head of Digital Cultural Heritage Research Group, Sulaimani Polytechnic University
  • 4. Associate Professor of Archaeology, Palacký University Olomouc
  • 5. Research Fellow, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich
  • 6. Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology, University of Milan




The mandate of the United Nations Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights marked its 10th anniversary in 2019. To celebrate this milestone, the Special Rapporteur, Ms. Karima Bennoune, invited all stakeholders to contribute to a consultation aimed at taking stock of the impact of the cultural rights mandate since its creation and at identifying issues relating to cultural rights.

RASHID International, led by Chief Legal Officer Seán Fobbe, contributed a special report outlining the work we do in enhancing cultural rights in Iraq.


About RASHID International

RASHID International is a worldwide network of archaeologists and cultural heritage experts dedicated to safeguarding and promoting the cultural heritage of Iraq, ancient Mesopotamia. To assist our Iraqi colleagues, we collect and share information, research and expert knowledge, work to raise public awareness, and both develop and execute strategies to protect heritage sites and other cultural property through international cooperation, advocacy and technical assistance.

RASHID International is registered as a non-profit organisation in Germany and enjoys charitable tax-exempt status under German law. We are an organisation in special consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council since 2019. Learn more about our work at

All of our research is available open access here:




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