Published December 13, 2018 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Collaborative Confusion among DIY Makers: Ethnography and Expertise in Creating Knowledge for Environmental Sustainability

  • 1. Aalto University


Eco-oriented makers and grassroots subcultures experimenting with new technologies and ways to design sustainable futures are increasingly the subject of research. As activists address problems of environmental sustainability beyond institutional contexts, their work may appear vague, even confused, yet their activities are underpinned by intense and principled commitment. Working through their confusion, many DIY maker communities build new understandings about what ‘sustainability’ could mean. We argue that herein lie important resources for new knowledge and, further, that ethnography is the ideal way to track these processes of learning and knowledge production. The ethnographer participates in local confusion over values and the de nitions of sustainability, but also about what constitutes useful knowledge. Supported by STS (and other) literature on environmental expertise, we argue that maker communities’ own acknowledgement of this vagueness actually makes possible a position from which epistemological authority can be reasserted.


This work was supported in part by the Academy of Finland under Grant 289520 (Getting collaborative design done) and the KAUTE Foundation.


60812-Article Text-109211-1-10-20181213.pdf

Files (126.4 kB)

Name Size Download all
126.4 kB Preview Download