Published October 30, 2019 | Version Accepted pre-print
Conference paper Open

An empirical study of educational robotics as tools for group metacognition and collaborative knowledge construction

  • 1. Cyprus Interaction Lab, Cyprus University of Technology
  • 2. Cyprus Interaction Lab, Cyprus University of Technology and Research Center on Interactive Media, Smart Systems and Emerging Technologies (RISE)


The affordances of Educational Robotics (ER) for advancing teaching and learning has become a widely researched topic. This study aims to identify the major components of collaborative knowledge construction in an ER learning environment and to investigate the mediating role of ER as mindtools to support group metacognition. Data analysis involved a micro-level examination of students’ discourse, interaction with the technology, peers and the facilitator, using fine-grained analysis of video and audio recordings. The results made evident that metacognition, along with questioning and answering, were prevalent elements of collaborative knowledge construction around ER. We support that ER can be used as a learning tool and can be effective in supporting group metacognition through immediate feedback, openly accessible programmability and students’ embodied interaction with the physical robot. Beyond the instrumental role of ER for supporting metacognitive processes, the study provides initial evidence for a relationship between collaborative and metacognitive talk in group problem-solving.


This work has been partly supported by the project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 739578 (RISE – Call: H2020-WIDESPREAD-01-2016-2017-TeamingPhase2) and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus through the Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development.


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RISE – Research Center on Interactive Media, Smart System and Emerging Technologies 739578
European Commission