Published March 31, 2012 | Version v1
Journal article Open

The Integration of Technical and Vocational Education and Training to Sustainable Development Education: A Review of African Case Studies

  • 1. Sarlo Distinguished Professor of Sustainable International Economic Development, Dominican University of California


With the emancipation of the Rio Conference of 1992 and the Johannesburg Conference of 2002, Educational for sustainable development (ESD) has been regarded as the key component of implementing sustainable development. In particular, the Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) for entrepreneur have been identified as a vehicle for the implementation of education for sustainable development. To assess the effective integration of ESD in TVET, four of the six case studies undertaken by UNESCO IN 2009 in Eastern and South Africa (i.e., Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, and Mauritius ) were reviewed by the author to solicit information as whether the objectives of ESD have been achieved by the TVET programs Given that sustainable development is the emerging challenges of the 21st century, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) in its Second International Congress held in April 1999 in Seoul, Republic of South Korea asserted that Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programs need to play a pivotal role in developing a new generation of individuals who will face the challenge of achieving sustainable socioeconomic development throughout the globe (UNESCO, 1999). The purpose of this paper is to review 4 out of the 6 TVET case studies that were commissi


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