Published June 2, 2019 | Version v1
Poster Open

New catalogue of intermediate mass Pre-Main Sequence objects in Gaia DR2 using Machine Learning

  • 1. University of Leeds
  • 2. Quasar, Madrid
  • 3. Isdefe, Madrid


The intermediate mass Herbig Ae/Be stars are young stars approaching the Main Sequence and are key to understanding the differences in formation mechanisms between magnetic low mass stars and the non-magnetic high mass stars. However; the study of the general properties of these objects is arduous as only around 270 of them are known; with many presenting a doubtful nature.

Gaia Data Release 2 has improved and greatly increased the number of sources with an astrometric solution available. In combination with other catalogues; it constitutes a splendid big data breeding ground for applying Machine Learning techniques and algorithms. We present our plan to discover new Herbig Ae/Be stars by first creating a robust training set from this very reduced set of known objects. Several features were chosen for identifying new objects of the class based on our current knowledge of this group; which normally spotlights in infrared excesses; photometric variabilities and Halpha emission lines. This feature selection was complemented with Principal Component Analysis.

The training set and the final set of features were used to train a Neural Network; which we later used for looking for new Herbig Ae/Be stars and Pre-Main Sequence objects in general among Gaia DR2 sources. Evaluation on test set concludes that we reach a precision over 90% and a recall over 70%; this meaning that we retrieve more than 7000 new Pre-Main Sequence objects spread all over the galactic plane and; as a side effect; over 1000 classical Be stars; with which they share many characteristics. This in turn will allow us to study the Pre-Main Sequence evolution as a function of mass; age and location in the galaxy to an unprecedented precision.



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Additional details


STARRY – STARs that 'R' Young : When do stars form in clustered environments? 676036
European Commission


  • Vioque, M., Oudmaijer, R. D., Baines, D., Mendigutía, I., & Pérez-Martínez, R. 2018, Gaia DR2 study of Herbig Ae/Be stars, A&A, 620, 128