Published March 17, 2019 | Version Accepted Pre-print
Conference paper Open

Analyzing User's Task-Driven Interaction in Mixed Reality

  • 1. Cyprus Center for Algorithmic Transparency Open University of Cyprus and RISE - Research Centre on Interactive media, Smart systems and Emerging Technologies Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 2. Department of Computer Science University of Cyprus Nicosia, Cyprus


Mixed reality (MR) provides exciting interaction approaches in several applications. The user experience of interacting in these visually rich environments depends highly on the way the user perceives, processes, and comprehends visual information. In this work we are investigating the differences between Field Dependent – Field Independent users towards their interaction behavior in a MR environment when they were asked to perform a specific task. A study was conducted using Microsoft HoloLens device in which participants interacted with a popular HoloLens application, modified by the authors to log user interaction data in real time. Analysis of the results demonstrates the differences in the visual processing of information, especially in visually complex environments and the impact on the user's interaction behavior.


This work has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 739578 and under Grant Agreement No 810105 and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus through the Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development. © ACM 2019. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of IUI 2019, DOI: , Styliani Kleanthous and Elena Matsi. 2019. Analyzing User's Task-Driven Interaction in Mixed Reality. In the Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces(IUI '19) Marina del Ray, California — March 17 - 20, 2019. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 340-344. DOI:



Files (275.0 kB)

Name Size Download all
275.0 kB Preview Download

Additional details


RISE – Research Center on Interactive Media, Smart System and Emerging Technologies 739578
European Commission
CyCAT – Cyprus Center for Algorithmic Transparency 810105
European Commission


  • Drascic, David, and Paul Milgram. "Perceptual issues in augmented reality." In Stereoscopic displays and virtual reality systems III, vol. 2653, pp. 123-135. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1996.
  • Billinghurst, Mark, Adrian Clark, and Gun Lee. "A survey of augmented reality." Foundations and Trends® in Human–Computer Interaction 8, no. 2-3 (2015): 73-272.
  • Ronald, Azuma, T. A survey of augmented reality. Presence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments 6. 4 (1997): 355-385.
  • Charoula, Angeli, Nicos, Valanides, and Paul, Kirschner. Field dependence independence and instructional-design effects on learners' performance with a computer-modeling tool. Computers in Human Behavior 25,6 (2009) 1355– 1366.
  • Philip, Oltman, K., Evelyn, Raskin, Herman, Witkin, A. Group Embedded Figures Test. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto CA, USA (1971).
  • Herman, Witkin, A., Donald, Goodenough, R., Stephen, Karp, A. Stability of cognitive style from childhood to young adulthood. Journal of personality and social psychology 7, 3, (1967) 291–300.
  • Herman, Witkin, A., Carol Ann Moore, Donald, Goodenough, R., Patricia Cox, W. Field Dependent and Field-Independent Cognitive Styles and their Educational Implications. ETS Research Bulletin Series 2, (1975), 1–64.
  • George, Raptis, E., Christos Fidas, and Nikolaos Avouris. Effects of Mixed-Reality on Players' Behaviour and Immersion in a Cultural Tourism Game: A Cognitive Processing Perspective. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (2018). DOI:
  • Efi. Nisiforou, and Andrew Laghos. Field Dependence–Independence and Eye Movement Patterns: Investigating Users' Differences Through an Eye Tracking Study. Interacting with Computers 28, 4 (2016), 407-420.
  • Christina, Katsini, Christos Fidas, Marios Belk, Nikolaos Avouris, and George Samaras. Influences of users' cognitive strategies on graphical password composition. Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts, ACM, (2017), 2698-2705.
  • Chih-Ming, Chen and Yen-Nung Tsai. Interactive augmented reality system for enhancing library instruction in elementary schools. Computers & Education 59, 2 (2012), 638-652.
  • Iulian, Radu. Augmented reality in education: a meta-review and cross-media analysis. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 18, 6 (2014), 1533-1543.
  • Markus Löchtefeld, Frederik Wiehr, and Sven Gehring. 2017. Analysing the effect of tangibile user interfaces on spatial memory. In Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Spatial User Interaction (SUI '17). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 78-81. DOI: