Published June 24, 2024 | Version v1
Journal article Open

TÜRKÇENİN YABANCI DİL OLARAK ÖĞRETİMİNDE SÖZ VARLIĞI KAZANDIRMADA GÖSTERGEKÜRESEL ALAN: HAYVAN İSİMLERİ

Description

Lexicon is a language treasure that gives important clues about the way a language reflects the world. Based on the vocabulary, a lot of information can be obtained about societies such as their life, tradition, history and beliefs. Culture has an important effect on shaping vocabulary. Culture is the mirror, experience and world view of societies. With this understanding, culture is the shaper of the language in which a person expresses what he thinks, wants, likes, and sees. The culture in which a language is formed has a great influence on the meaning of words in that language. The animal names in Turkish, which are the subject of this study, have an important place in Turkish vocabulary. Especially when we look at the history of Turkish culture, the way of life related to animal husbandry and life in nature have been effective in the vocabulary of Turkish and many words related to animals have thus taken their place in the vocabulary of Turkish. The metaphorical use of animal names together with various other words apart from their literal meaning is connected to Turkish thinking and perception. Every human being thinks in his/her native language and perceives the world in that language. A person who learns Turkish as a foreign language will start to understand the world in the perception and thinking of Turkish culture. Therefore, animal names, used metaphorically in Turkish vocabulary, stand out as a semantic feature belonging to Turkish culture. In this study, within the framework of Russian semiotician Yuri Lotman's semiosphere approach, which sees culture as a cultural system woven with signs, animal names in Turkish are considered as a semiosphere shaped around Turkish culture. The existence of this semiosphere and its importance in gaining vocabulary in teaching Turkish as a foreign language have been mentioned, and animal names in Turkish, which are seen as a semiosphere, have been classified in the study in order to show the effect of the thinking and perception of Turkish culture on the vocabulary of Turkish according to the meanings they carry and their usage areas.

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