Published May 12, 2024 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Hypertension may be Driving Force to Enhance Kidney Disorder

Description

A common ailment during the onset of renal disease and a major factor in its advancement is hypertension. The complicated chain of events that leads from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to chronic kidney disease (CKD) is constituted by hallmark variables leading to hypertension. The pathophysiology of elevated cardiovascular (CV) events linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD) is significantly influenced by the several crosstalk mechanisms that maintain the BP state that is unavoidably elevated in CKD. Age, weight, type of renal disease, and extent of renal impairment all affect the prevalence and severity of hypertension. A clear distinction between volume- and renin-type hypertension is challenging to make, yet salt retention and imbalance regarding the actions of several vasoactive chemicals play critical roles in multifactorial etiology. There is evidence for important strategic routes that can slow the evolution of hypertensive kidney disease, as controlling high blood pressure by therapeutic interventions can represent the key strategy to reduce both blood pressure and the cardiovascular load in kidney disease. High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for both kidney and cardiovascular illness in addition to being a sign of chronic kidney disease.

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