Published April 2, 2024 | Version v1
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Data from: Estimating bloodstain age in the short term based on DNA fragment length using nanopore sequencer

  • 1. Juntendo University

Description

We used a nanopore sequencer to quantify DNA fragments > 10,000 bp in size and then evaluated their relationship with short-term bloodstain age. Moreover, DNA degradation was investigated after bloodstains were wetted once with water. Bloodstain samples on cotton gauze were stored at room temperature and low humidity for up to 6 months. Bloodstains stored for 1 day were wetted with nuclease-free water, allowed to dry, and stored at room temperature and low humidity for up to 1 week. The proportion of fragments > 20,000 bp in dry bloodstains tended to decrease over time, particularly for fragments > 50,000 bp in size. This trend was modeled using a power approximation curve, with the highest R2 value (0.6475) noted for fragments > 50,000 bp in size; lower values were recorded for shorter fragments. The proportion of longer fragments was significantly reduced in bloodstains that were dried after being wetted once, and there was significant difference in fragments > 50,000 bp between dry conditions and once-wetted. This result suggests that even temporary exposure to water causes significant DNA fragmentation, but not extensive degradation. Thus, bloodstains that appear fresh but have a low proportion of long DNA fragments may have been wetted previously. Our results indicate that evaluating the proportion of long DNA fragments yields information on both bloodstain age and the environment in which they were stored.

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