Published March 2, 2024 | Version v1
Journal article Open

Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Academic Achievement and Character Development of Secondary School Students in Anambra State, Nigeria


The study examined the impact of information and communication technology on the academic achievement and character development of faith-based secondary schools in Anambra State. The design for the study was a descriptive survey design. The target population was 3,946 teachers in all faith-based secondary schools in Anambra State. The proportional random-stratified sampling technique was used to select 395 teachers as the sample size. The instrument used for data collection is a structured 11-tern questionnaire. The data obtained from the respondents were presented in frequency distribution tables and analyzed with mean scores and standard deviation. The hypotheses were tested with T-test at a 0.05 significant level. The study found that Information and communication technology (ICT) impacts student’s academic achievement because it motivates students to learn, increases study engagement promotes collaborative learning, improves teaching strategies for students to understand, and sometimes diverts students from classroom learning. In the long run, this negatively affects students’ school achievement. More so, ICT impacts the students’ character development because ICT (social media) is used to make the students study the Bible verses and makes available skills for the students to be productive. The study recommended that Government should make policies to check the use of ICT facilities in classrooms to avoid abuse. Faith-based school management should install CCTV cameras in classrooms to ensure students do not abuse the use of ICT facilities in the classroom, and Teachers should always be encouraged to ensure students do not abuse the use of ICT facilities during classroom lectures.



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