Published February 27, 2024 | Version v1
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  • 1. ROR icon Rajarata University of Sri Lanka
  • 2. KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • 3. Basque Center for Climate Change
  • 4. ROR icon Cartif
  • 5. Universidad de Valladolid


  • The context: the multiple dimensions of sustainable development
  • The problem: the world is complex and interconnected
  • Examples of interlinkages
  • Key weaknesses of sector policy design done in isolation
  • A response: the climate, land, energy, water (CLEW) ”nexus” concept
    • Assessment of the CLEW Nexus
    • The CLEWs – Sri Lanka Model
    • A Kenya CLEWs model
    • A global IAM: WILIAM
  • A response: the IAM concept
    • GCAM
    • WILIAM


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IAM COMPACT – Expanding Integrated Assessment Modelling: Comprehensive and Comprehensible Science for Sustainable, Co-Created Climate Action 101056306
European Commission