Published October 1, 2023 | Version v1
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Endovascular Treatment of Spontaneous Intracranial Internal Carotid Dissection in a Young Patient Affected by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report

Description

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) increases the risk of cerebrovascular events due to vascular changes, resulting in the weakening of the vessel walls. Moreover, patients with SLE have more incidence of arterial lesions such as dissections. Internal carotid dissection (ICA) is an infrequent cause of ischemic stroke, representing 2% of all ischemic events. We present a case of ischemic stroke, caused by a spontaneous dissection of intracranial ICA, treated with endovascular stent implantation, in a 22-year-old woman affected by SLE, newly diagnosed. ICA dissection with consequent ischemic stroke is an unusual first presentation of SLE disease. Our case highlights how, despite an infrequent occurrence, ICA dissection should be considered for young adults presenting with ischemic stroke, especially in those affected by SLE. This paper also shows the good technical result in the use of stenting in case of intracranial ICA dissection.

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