Journal article Open Access

Recent cooling of the upper ocean

Lyman, John M.; Willis, Josh K.; Johnson, Gregory C.


DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.1/metadata.xsd">
  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/896849</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Lyman, John M.</creatorName>
      <givenName>John M.</givenName>
      <familyName>Lyman</familyName>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Willis, Josh K.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Josh K.</givenName>
      <familyName>Willis</familyName>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Johnson, Gregory C.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Gregory C.</givenName>
      <familyName>Johnson</familyName>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Recent cooling of the upper ocean</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2006</publicationYear>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2006-09-28</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/896849</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1029/2006gl027033</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">We observe a net loss of 3.2 (± 1.1) × 1022 J of heat from the upper ocean between 2003 and 2005. Using a broad array of in situ ocean measurements, we present annual estimates of global upper-ocean heat content anomaly from 1993 through 2005. Including the recent downturn, the average warming rate for the entire 13-year period is 0.33 ± 0.23 W/m2 (of the Earth's total surface area). A new estimate of sampling error in the heat content record suggests that both the recent and previous global cooling events are significant and unlikely to be artifacts of inadequate ocean sampling.</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
38
23
views
downloads
Views 38
Downloads 23
Data volume 19.3 MB
Unique views 38
Unique downloads 23

Share

Cite as