Journal article Open Access

On heat pumps in smart grids: A review

Fischer, David; Madani, Hatef


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{
  "description": "This paper investigates heat pump systems in smart grids, focussing on fields of application and control approaches that have emerged in academic literature. Based on a review of published literature technical aspects of heat pump flexibility, fields of application and control approaches are structured and discussed. Three main categories of applications using heat pumps in a smart grid context have been identified: First stable and economic operation of power grids, second the integration of renewable energy sources and third operation under variable electricity prices. In all fields heat pumps - when controlled in an appropriate manner - can help easing the transition to a decentralized energy system accompanied by a higher share of prosumers and renewable energy sources. Predictive controls are successfully used in the majority of studies, often assuming idealized conditions. Topics for future research have been identified including: a transfer of control approaches from simulation to the field, a detailed techno-economic analysis of heat pump systems under smart grid operation, and the design of  heat pump systems in order to increase flexibility are among the future research topics  uggested.", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Fischer, David"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Madani, Hatef"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "On heat pumps in smart grids: A review", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2017-04-01", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/895978", 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.182", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.182", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "On heat pumps in smart grids: A review"
}
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