Journal article Open Access

Electron Leakage from the Mitochondrial NADPH-Adrenodoxin Reductase-Adrenodoxin-P450scc (Cholesterol Side Chain Cleavage) System

Hanukoglu, I.; Rapoport, R.; Weiner, L.; Sklan, D.


DCAT Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:adms="http://www.w3.org/ns/adms#" xmlns:cnt="http://www.w3.org/2011/content#" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dct="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dctype="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/" xmlns:dcat="http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#" xmlns:duv="http://www.w3.org/ns/duv#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:frapo="http://purl.org/cerif/frapo/" xmlns:geo="http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#" xmlns:gsp="http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#" xmlns:locn="http://www.w3.org/ns/locn#" xmlns:org="http://www.w3.org/ns/org#" xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" xmlns:schema="http://schema.org/" xmlns:skos="http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#" xmlns:vcard="http://www.w3.org/2006/vcard/ns#" xmlns:wdrs="http://www.w3.org/2007/05/powder-s#">
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://zenodo.org/record/890721">
    <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/dcat#Dataset"/>
    <dct:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text"/>
    <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://zenodo.org/record/890721</dct:identifier>
    <foaf:page rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/890721"/>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3889-0320">
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Hanukoglu, I.</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>I.</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Hanukoglu</foaf:familyName>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Rapoport, R.</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>R.</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Rapoport</foaf:familyName>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Weiner, L.</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>L.</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Weiner</foaf:familyName>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:creator>
      <rdf:Description>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent"/>
        <foaf:name>Sklan, D.</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>D.</foaf:givenName>
        <foaf:familyName>Sklan</foaf:familyName>
      </rdf:Description>
    </dct:creator>
    <dct:title>Electron Leakage from the Mitochondrial NADPH-Adrenodoxin Reductase-Adrenodoxin-P450scc (Cholesterol Side Chain Cleavage) System</dct:title>
    <dct:publisher>
      <foaf:Agent>
        <foaf:name>Zenodo</foaf:name>
      </foaf:Agent>
    </dct:publisher>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">1993</dct:issued>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">1993-09-01</dct:issued>
    <owl:sameAs rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/890721"/>
    <adms:identifier>
      <adms:Identifier>
        <skos:notation rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#anyURI">https://zenodo.org/record/890721</skos:notation>
      </adms:Identifier>
    </adms:identifier>
    <owl:sameAs rdf:resource="https://doi.org/10.1006/abbi.1993.1452"/>
    <dct:description>In electron (e-) transfer systems some e- may "leak" reducing O2 to superoxide radical. This study examined the sites and kinetics of e- leakage from the mitochondrial P450scc system. Adrenodoxin reductase alone oxidized NADPH reducing O2 to superoxide radical at a very low rate. However, the reductase-adrenodoxin system reduced O2 at a rapid steady-state rate with Michaelis-Menten dependence on [adrenodoxin] (Vmax = 3.5 M e-/ min). After depletion of NADPH, reduced adrenodoxin was oxidized (auto-oxidation) with pseudo first order kinetics and the rate of e- transfer decreased ten fold. Ca2+ (&amp;lt; 1 mM) stimulated e- leakage in both phases. The reductase-adrenodoxin-P450scc system exhibited the highest rate of leakage (Vmax = 7.8 M e- / min). At low [adrenodoxin] the majority of e- leaked through P450scc and not through adrenodoxin. In the presence of the substrate, cholesterol, leakage drastically decreased to &amp;lt;0.5 M e- / min. These results indicate that the mitochondrial P450 systems can leak e-, producing O2 derived free radicals. Reduction of leakage during P450scc conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone provides a clue to understanding physiological mechanisms that control e- leakage. These may include co-regulation of NADPH and cholesterol availability to the P450scc system, and a system of antioxidants for quenching the oxygen radicals.</dct:description>
    <dct:accessRights rdf:resource="http://publications.europa.eu/resource/authority/access-right/PUBLIC"/>
    <dct:accessRights>
      <dct:RightsStatement rdf:about="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">
        <rdfs:label>Open Access</rdfs:label>
      </dct:RightsStatement>
    </dct:accessRights>
    <dcat:distribution>
      <dcat:Distribution>
        <dcat:accessURL rdf:resource="https://zenodo.org/record/890721"/>
      </dcat:Distribution>
    </dcat:distribution>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
131
75
views
downloads
Views 131
Downloads 75
Data volume 72.0 MB
Unique views 128
Unique downloads 74

Share

Cite as