Journal article Open Access

Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?

Hainmueller, Jens; Hangartner, Dominik; Pietrantuono, Giuseppe

Citation Style Language JSON Export

  "DOI": "10.2139/ssrn.2664101", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Hainmueller, Jens"
      "family": "Hangartner, Dominik"
      "family": "Pietrantuono, Giuseppe"
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "We study the impact of naturalization on the long-term social integration of immigrants\ninto the host country society. Despite ongoing debates about citizenship policy, we lack reliable\nevidence that isolates the causal eect of naturalization from the non-random selection\ninto naturalization. We exploit the quasi-random assignment of citizenship in Swiss municipalities that used referendums to decide on naturalization applications of immigrants.\nComparing otherwise similar immigrants who narrowly won or narrowly lost their naturalization\nreferendums, we nd that receiving Swiss citizenship strongly improved long-term\nsocial integration. We also nd that the integration returns to naturalization are much\nlarger for more marginalized immigrant groups and somewhat larger when naturalization\noccurs earlier, rather than later in the residency period. Overall, our ndings support the\npolicy paradigm arguing that naturalization is a catalyst for improving the social integration\nof immigrants rather than merely the crown on the completed integration process.", 
  "title": "Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "889671"
Views 278
Downloads 79
Data volume 386.4 MB
Unique views 271
Unique downloads 79


Cite as