Preprint Open Access

National ID Programs: A Multi-Country Review and Analysis of Policy and Practical Challenges

Anderson, C. Leigh; Biscaye, Pierre E.; Reynolds, Travis W.


JSON Export

{
  "conceptdoi": "10.5281/zenodo.884177", 
  "conceptrecid": "884177", 
  "created": "2017-09-05T09:08:11.222752+00:00", 
  "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.884178", 
  "files": [
    {
      "bucket": "abb91c69-6319-43aa-b48f-7137f68d6011", 
      "checksum": "md5:74c01ebc02ce6631bbdbed25bc7e9743", 
      "key": "Data_for_Policy_2017_paper_59.pdf", 
      "links": {
        "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/abb91c69-6319-43aa-b48f-7137f68d6011/Data_for_Policy_2017_paper_59.pdf"
      }, 
      "size": 373672, 
      "type": "pdf"
    }
  ], 
  "id": 884178, 
  "links": {
    "badge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.884178.svg", 
    "bucket": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/abb91c69-6319-43aa-b48f-7137f68d6011", 
    "conceptbadge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.5281/zenodo.884177.svg", 
    "conceptdoi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.884177", 
    "doi": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.884178", 
    "html": "https://zenodo.org/record/884178", 
    "latest": "https://zenodo.org/api/records/884178", 
    "latest_html": "https://zenodo.org/record/884178"
  }, 
  "metadata": {
    "access_right": "open", 
    "access_right_category": "success", 
    "communities": [
      {
        "id": "dfp17"
      }
    ], 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "University of Washington", 
        "name": "Anderson, C. Leigh"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "University of Washington", 
        "name": "Biscaye, Pierre E."
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Colby College", 
        "name": "Reynolds, Travis W."
      }
    ], 
    "description": "<p>National identity programs are increasingly being introduced into low and middle income countries, and may be used by governments for surveillance, supporting fair and democratic elections, fostering national unity, and facilitating health, financial and agricultural transactions. We review evidence on 42 national ID programs in low- and middle-income countries, with particular attention to evidence of the implementation challenges the programs have faced. We identify seven general categories of implementation challenges, with evidence that 39 of 42 countries have faced at least one category of challenge while 8 countries have faced challenges in three or more areas. Further, we observe some associations between country and national ID program characteristics and evidence of particular implementation challenges. Better understanding of the challenges that countries have faced in implementing national ID programs may support the development of more sustainable and usable ID programs.\u00a0<br>\n\u00a0<br>\n\u00a0</p>", 
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.884178", 
    "keywords": [
      "national identity", 
      "implementation challenges", 
      "biometric identification", 
      "authentication", 
      "citizen data"
    ], 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    }, 
    "meeting": {
      "acronym": "Data for Policy", 
      "dates": "6-7 September 2017", 
      "place": "London", 
      "title": "Data for Policy 2017: Government by Algorithm?", 
      "url": "http://dataforpolicy.org/"
    }, 
    "publication_date": "2017-09-04", 
    "related_identifiers": [
      {
        "identifier": "10.5281/zenodo.884177", 
        "relation": "isVersionOf", 
        "scheme": "doi"
      }
    ], 
    "relations": {
      "version": [
        {
          "count": 1, 
          "index": 0, 
          "is_last": true, 
          "last_child": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "884178"
          }, 
          "parent": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "884177"
          }
        }
      ]
    }, 
    "resource_type": {
      "subtype": "preprint", 
      "title": "Preprint", 
      "type": "publication"
    }, 
    "title": "National ID Programs: A Multi-Country Review and Analysis of Policy and Practical Challenges"
  }, 
  "owners": [
    30201
  ], 
  "revision": 2, 
  "stats": {
    "downloads": 57.0, 
    "unique_downloads": 51.0, 
    "unique_views": 98.0, 
    "version_downloads": 57.0, 
    "version_unique_downloads": 51.0, 
    "version_unique_views": 98.0, 
    "version_views": 100.0, 
    "version_volume": 21299304.0, 
    "views": 100.0, 
    "volume": 21299304.0
  }, 
  "updated": "2017-09-05T09:59:22.676925+00:00"
}
100
57
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 100100
Downloads 5757
Data volume 21.3 MB21.3 MB
Unique views 9898
Unique downloads 5151

Share

Cite as